Fourteenth Amendment takes effect

July 28

On July 28th, 1868 the Fourteenth Amendment, which grants citizenship and equal rights to African Americans took effect.

Although the Fourteenth Amendment was sent to Congress for ratification on June 16, 1866 it was not officially enforced until July 28, 1868.. The Fourteenth Amendment was a pivotal victory for African Americans during the civil rights movement. The amendment is broken into five sections, outlining the citizenship and rights of African Americans, the consequences for states who withhold basic liberties to African Americans, the new system for determining selectees for the House of Representatives after the nullification of the Thirteenth Amendment (three-fifths rule), and a solution to the national debt acquired during the Civil War.


14th Amendment

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